Difference Between Micronutrients And Macronutrients


  • Macronutrients are the nutrients that supply energy and calories and are essential in large quantities to maintain body tasks and to carry out the activities of everyday life.
  • Macronutrients include protein, carbohydrates, and fats.
  • Deficiency of these macronutrients leads to many diseases like; weight loss, loss of appetite, ketosis, kwashiorkor, etc.
  • The minerals in the first two groups are required in large quantities are called macronutrients.
  • Macronutrients act as basic materials for the development of body tissues and provide the needful chemical environment for cells.
  • Macronutrients provide the energy required for various body functions.
  • Lack of intake of macronutrients like; calcium leads to osteoporosis in adults and children.
  • For actual utilization of macronutrients, we need micronutrients and Lack of these macronutrients leads to many deficiencies which are given below:


  • Micronutrients are usually vitamins and minerals. A sufficient intake of all micronutrients is required for optimal health.
  • Micronutrients like; minerals and vitamins play a vital role in the body. Many micronutrients prevent the body from many diseases.
  • The micronutrient present in food is in different amounts, so we have to consume a variety of food to fulfill its requirement.
  • Micronutrients include; vitamins and these vitamins are organic compounds that are present in a variety of natural foods.
  • These vitamins are essential for proper growth and good health.

Difference Between Micronutrients And Macronutrients

1These are nutrients that are required in very small amounts by the body.Macronutrients are required in very large amounts for the body to function properly.
2These help to prevent disease and nurture growth and repair of the body.These provide the energy that aids the body’s metabolism.
3Micronutrients are found in a variety of foods, including vegetables, fruits, and even eggs.These are present in large quantities in potatoes, nuts, fish, milk, meat, and rice, etc.
4Micronutrients are also known as trace elements.Macronutrients are also referred to as major elements.
5Too much consumption of micronutrients such as; vitamins can cause nerve and liver damage.Too much consumption of macronutrients can lead to several heart diseases, obesity, and an increase in blood sugar levels.
Make sure you also check our other amazing Article on : Food In Relation To Nutrition And Health
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