How to Make Foundation Lotion?

Aim: To prepare, evaluate and submit foundation lotion. 

Requirements: 100 #sieve, Beaker, Water bath and Suitable container. 

Chemicals: Liquid Paraffin, Cetyl alcohol, Glyceryl monostearate, Triethanolamine, Ferric oxide, Titanium dioxide, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Perfume and Water. 

Formulation Consideration:  Foundation lotion is a modification of vanishing cream. It is an o/w lotion made for daytime use. Its purposes are to provide a nondrying sufficiently tacky coat for superposed face powder. It contains a small amount of colour pigment 2.5-3% from a suitable substrate for use of powder while those with higher concentrations are suitable for heavy makeup. The coloured pigment used generally is a mixture of 2% colour (e.g. ferric oxide and 98% titanium dioxide) which act as a whitener (opacifier) and also covers blemishes on the skin. Allantoin or some other wound healing agents may also be incorporated. The TiO2 used should have a finer particle size. Zinc oxide and talc are the other two whiteners. TiO2 is poorly wettable.  Hence TiO2 is preferred. Ferric oxide is available in two colours red and yellow. By varying the amount and type of ferric oxide used the coloured foundation lotion can be used with various skin types. 

Anhydrous foundation lotion is used with heavy makeup. Liquefying cleansing cream or w/o type of cleansing cream. They are required to be thixotropic so that they can be easily applied. Liquid paraffin is used as oil and imparts emollient properties. Cetyl alcohol gives consistency to the lotion. GMS and Triethanolamine act as an emulsifier 


Sr.No. IngredientsQuantity GivenQuantity Taken 
1Liquid Paraffin30 gm  
2Cetyl alcohol2 gm  
3Glyceryl monostearate1 gm  
4Triethanolamine1 gm  
5Pigment powder base
(i) Ferric oxide 
(ii) Titanium dioxide    
6Methylparaben0.15 gm  
7Propylparaben0.02 gm  
9Waterq.s. to 100 gm 


  1. Mix red ferric oxide and titanium dioxide and sift them together through a 100 #sieve. 
  2. Prepare the oil phase in a beaker by melting liquid paraffin, cetyl alcohol, GMS, and Propylparaben at 60-70°C. 
  3. Heat the aqueous phase in another beaker by dissolving Methylparaben in water and then add the aqueous phase to the oil phase with continuous stirring. Add this lotion to pigmented powder base in a mortar with constant triturating. 

Label: For External Use only. 

Storage: Store in a cool and dry place. Keep out of reach of children.  Packaging: Packed in a narrow mouth bottle. 

Use: Used to create an even, uniform colour to the complexion, cover flaws and, sometimes, change the natural skin tone. 

Directions: Shake well before use. Apply on the face and neck before applying any makeup. 

Precautions: If irritation persists discontinue use. 

Evaluation Table: 

Sr. No.TestObservation 
6Type of emulsion  
Make sure you also check our other amazing Article on : How to Make Sunscreen Cream?
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