Hygiene and Health: Hygiene word is derived from the Greek term ‘Hygeia’. Hygeia means ‘Goodness of Health’.
- According to the WHO, Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that are used to maintain health and prevent the spread of disease.
- Physical hygiene means continued physical health. Hygiene is defined as science and art, which is related to the protection and promotion of good health.
- Health, as defined by the WHO, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not just the absence of disease. Life can be defined as the ability to improve physical, mental, and social irritation for a lifetime.
Types Of Health
Health is of two types Le, Physical health and Mental health.
1. Physical Health: Physical health is defined as a life free of illness or injury.
- Maintain physical fitness.
- Regular exercise.
- Eat whole foods (Rich in all nutrition).
- Adequate rest for physical health.
- Regular exercise and proper exercise can protect and improve a person’s breathing endurance.
- Heart function, flexibility, muscle strength.
2. Mental Health: Mental health means a person’s emotional, mental, and social health. Mental health is important for good health. Mental health is not just about the absence of anxiety, depression, and any other disturbance.
- Mental health depends on:
- Feeling of safety and security.
- Making a significant contribution to the communities.
- Adapt the difficulties.
- Staying positive.
- Helping others.
- Connect with others.
Types Of Hygiene
1. Industrial hygiene: It is defined as identification, anticipation, control, assessment, and assurance of occupational hazard or risk that may result in illness, injury, or affect the health of the employee.
2. Community hygiene: Community hygiene is a group of people. These people have a responsibility to improve the quality of life of the community, to focus more on sanitation and the living conditions in the village.
3. Personal hygiene: Personal hygiene can be defined as keeping one’s body clean and hygienic.
Personal Hygiene And Healthcare
1. Personal hygiene can be defined as keeping the body clean. Cleanliness is a broad term that encompasses a person’s particular characteristics:
- Bathing regularly
- Change clothes regularly
- Wash your hands
- Cut your nails
- Brushing teeth
- Washing the scalp o Hair removal
2. Personal hygiene plays a very important role in society. Every civilization promotes and maintains the quality and standard of cleanliness. Personal hygiene includes all those unique things, which improve the health and well-being of each individual.
Principles Of Personal Hygiene
- Health practices directly affect a person’s mental, physical, and social health.
- Protecting the body from micro-organisms through good health habits.
- Practice good hygiene.
- Prevent cross-contamination.
- To improve quality of life.
- To defend oneself from sickness.
- To improve health.
- Improving self-esteem in society.
- Maintain resistance to infection.
- Promoting mental health.
- Promoting good health.
- Disease prevention.
- To improve the quality of life.
- Promoting community and spiritual health.
Benefits of Personal Hygiene
- Contribution to the (environmental) atmosphere health and environmental protection.
- Improves the immune system.
- Various diseases are controlled.
- Improvement in health status.
- Saves the strength and spirit of each individual through his daily activities.
- Regular hand washing is an effective way to keep germs from spreading.
- Regular washing will help to remove such impurities from the skin and allow pores in the skin to sweat more freely.
- Good hygiene and cleanliness enhance human communication.
- Employees such as; pharmacists and other health professionals must use high hygiene to prevent any spread of disease to the consumer.
Some Avoidable Habits
Some common habits that should be avoided:
- Eating at the working desks.
- Leaving the dirty dishes around the public locations.
- Sneezing and not covering mouth with a tissue.
- Not flushing the toilet.
- Not washing the hand properly after using toilets.
- Using dirty spoons and utensils
- Not brushing your teeth daily.
- Using too much perfume to cover up bad body smell.
- Not washing fruit/vegetables before use.
- Improper disposal of sanitary protection items.
Make sure you also check our other amazing Article on : Malnutrition And Its Prevention