Hygiene and Health

Hygiene and Health: Hygiene word is derived from the Greek term ‘Hygeia’. Hygeia means ‘Goodness of Health’.

  • According to the WHO, Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that are used to maintain health and prevent the spread of disease.
  • Physical hygiene means continued physical health. Hygiene is defined as science and art, which is related to the protection and promotion of good health.
  • Health, as defined by the WHO, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not just the absence of disease. Life can be defined as the ability to improve physical, mental, and social irritation for a lifetime.

Types Of Health

Health is of two types Le, Physical health and Mental health.

1. Physical Health: Physical health is defined as a life free of illness or injury.

  • Maintain physical fitness.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Eat whole foods (Rich in all nutrition).
  • Adequate rest for physical health.
  • Regular exercise and proper exercise can protect and improve a person’s breathing endurance.
  • Heart function, flexibility, muscle strength.

2. Mental Health: Mental health means a person’s emotional, mental, and social health. Mental health is important for good health. Mental health is not just about the absence of anxiety, depression, and any other disturbance.

  • Mental health depends on:
  1. Feeling of safety and security.
  2. Making a significant contribution to the communities.
  3. Adapt the difficulties.
  4. Staying positive.
  5. Helping others.
  6. Connect with others.

Types Of Hygiene

1. Industrial hygiene: It is defined as identification, anticipation, control, assessment, and assurance of occupational hazard or risk that may result in illness, injury, or affect the health of the employee.

2. Community hygiene: Community hygiene is a group of people. These people have a responsibility to improve the quality of life of the community, to focus more on sanitation and the living conditions in the village.

3. Personal hygiene: Personal hygiene can be defined as keeping one’s body clean and hygienic.

Personal Hygiene And Healthcare

1. Personal hygiene can be defined as keeping the body clean. Cleanliness is a broad term that encompasses a person’s particular characteristics:

  • Bathing regularly
  • Change clothes regularly
  • Wash your hands
  • Cut your nails
  • Brushing teeth
  • Washing the scalp o Hair removal
  • Exercise

2. Personal hygiene plays a very important role in society. Every civilization promotes and maintains the quality and standard of cleanliness. Personal hygiene includes all those unique things, which improve the health and well-being of each individual.

Principles Of Personal Hygiene

  • Health practices directly affect a person’s mental, physical, and social health.
  • Protecting the body from micro-organisms through good health habits.
  • Practice good hygiene.
  • Prevent cross-contamination.


  • To improve quality of life.
  • To defend oneself from sickness.
  • To improve health.

 Personal Hygiene

  • Improving self-esteem in society.
  • Maintain resistance to infection.
  • Promoting mental health.
  • Promoting good health.
  • Disease prevention.
  • To improve the quality of life.
  • Promoting community and spiritual health.

Benefits of Personal Hygiene

  1. Contribution to the (environmental) atmosphere health and environmental protection.
  2. Improves the immune system.
  3. Various diseases are controlled.
  4. Improvement in health status.
  5. Saves the strength and spirit of each individual through his daily activities.
  6. Regular hand washing is an effective way to keep germs from spreading.
  7. Regular washing will help to remove such impurities from the skin and allow pores in the skin to sweat more freely.
  8. Good hygiene and cleanliness enhance human communication.
  9. Employees such as; pharmacists and other health professionals must use high hygiene to prevent any spread of disease to the consumer.

Some Avoidable Habits

Some common habits that should be avoided:

  • Eating at the working desks.
  • Leaving the dirty dishes around the public locations.
  • Sneezing and not covering mouth with a tissue.
  • Not flushing the toilet.
  • Not washing the hand properly after using toilets.
  • Using dirty spoons and utensils
  • Nail-biting.
  • Not brushing your teeth daily.
  • Using too much perfume to cover up bad body smell.
  • Not washing fruit/vegetables before use.
  • Improper disposal of sanitary protection items.
Make sure you also check our other amazing Article on : Malnutrition And Its Prevention
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