Principle for the Limit Test for Chloride
Limit Test for Chloride is based upon the chemical reaction between silver nitrate and soluble chloride in the presence of dilute nitric acid to give opalescence of silver chloride. The opalescence produced is compared with the standard solution. If the opalescence in the sample is less than the standard, it passes the test. If it is more than the standard, it fails the test.
- Nessler cylinders
- Glass rod
- Dilute nitric acid (10%)
- Silver nitrate (5%)
- Sodium chloride
Procedure for the Limit Test for Chloride
Take two 50 ml Nessler cylinders. Label one as “Test” and the other as “Standard”.
|1. Place 1 ml of 0.05845% w/v solution of NaCl in a Nessler cylinder.||1. Dissolve the specified quantity of the substance in distilled water and transfer it to the Nessler cylinder.|
|2. Add 10 ml of dilute. HNO3.||2. Add 10 ml of dilute. HNO3.|
|3. Dilute to 50 ml with water and add 1 ml of silver nitrate solution.||3. Dilute to 50 ml with water and add 1 ml of silver nitrate solution.|
|4. Stir immediately with a glass rod and allow to stand for 5 minutes.||4. Stir immediately with a glass rod and allow to stand for 5 minutes.|
|5. Observe the opalescence developed and compare it with that of the sample.||5. Observe the opalescence developed and compare it with that of the standard.|
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