Plagiarism In Research: Plagiarism is an act of fraud, simply involves taking someone else’s work or ideas and using them as your own, rather than giving credit to the rightful owner or receiving consent. Plagiarism is the most frequent offense under the Academic Code of Conduct. It is also defined as the practice of directly copying and then presenting an existing product without accurate citing or referencing or without permission from the original producer. Plagiarism may be avoided by giving credit to the source by including a citation in the text and the reference list. The consequences of plagiarism depend on the type of plagiarism and it may be failing the course, expulsion or suspension from the university, or copyright infringement. Avoiding plagiarism is most important to all professionals before the publication of any data or content. The content of the paper or thesis may be protected by using plagiarism checker tools or software. Plagiarism checkers compare the documents to a database of existing texts. The plagiarism software searches for similarities and highlights the main plagiarism contents. Turnitin is the leading software in plagiarism detection. Other plagiarism checker tools are also available such as Duplichecker, Paperrater, Grammarly, Plagiarisma, Search Engine Reports, PlagTracker, Plagium, CopyLeaks Plagscan, Unplug Checker, etc.
Different types of plagiarism mainly occur from academics and research:
Copy and Paste Plagiarism:
It is also known as direct plagiarism, which means using a paragraph from different another source without a citation or permission.
It is also called patchwriting. Professionals borrow phrases from a source without using quotation marks or find synonyms for the author’s language while keeping to the same general structure and meaning of the original. The text may be completely new but words and ideas are the same as another source.
When you use parts of your previous works, without property citing it, then it is called self-plagiarism. If students submit his or her previous work, without permission from all professors involved in it, then this is self-plagiarism.
If students or professors neglect to cite their sources or misquotes sources or unintentionally paraphrases a source by using groups of words or sentence structure without attribution. Students must learn the methods of citation of different sources.
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