Pharmaceutical Preparation of Lotions

Lotions are liquid preparations meant for external use without friction.

  • They are applied directly to the skin with the help of some absorbent material, such as cotton wool, gauze soaked in it.
  • Lotions are not applied to broken skin it may cause excessive irritation. The insoluble matter should be divided very finely for preparing lotions. Bentonite as a suspending agent is added to it.
  • It is applied for antiseptic action, astringent action, germicidal action

e.g., Calamine lotion.

  • Alcohol is sometimes included in aqueous lotions for its cooling and soothing effect

e.g., salicylic acid lotion.

Preparation of Lotions


Lotions are prepared by triturating the ingredients to a smooth paste and then adding the remaining liquid phase with trituration.


It should be stored in a well-closed and airtight container.




Calamine lotion


Calamine – 15 gm

Zinc oxide – 5 gm

Bentonite – 3 gm

Sodium citrate – 0.5 gm

Glycerin – 5 ml

Liquid phenol – 0.5 ml

Rosewater – q.s. to 100 ml

Make sure you also check our other amazing Article on : Preparation of Liniments
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